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NIST Cybersecurity Framework Alignment

This page gathers all the topics covered in the Design and implementation section, organized according to the five functions of the NIST Cyber Security Framework.



“Develop an organizational understanding to manage cybersecurity risk to systems, people, assets, data, and capabilities. Understanding the business context, the resources that support critical functions, and the related cybersecurity risks enables an organization to focus and prioritize its efforts, consistent with its risk management strategy and business needs.”

Identification is mainly organisational and will consist for example in workloads categorisation, risk assessment, risk management. During the identification process, keep in mind identification aims:

  • What may be targeted by attackers (Backups first in case it’s ransomware)
  • What should be recovered first (foundation, main building, outbuildings)

Veeam helps to validate dependencies between assets (trial/error)

Veeam provides post-identification tools to keep compliance


“Develop and implement appropriate safeguards to ensure delivery of critical services. The Protect Function supports the ability to limit or contain the impact of a potential cybersecurity event.”

Protection principles chapter
Protect Backups
Protect Infrastructure
Educate Staff

Physical security chapter
Role Based Access Controls on a physical level
Multi-factor authentication
Equipment Racks
Embedded electronic security

Roles and Users chapter
Password management policy
Lockout policy
Required Permissions

Authentication protocols
Encryption in flight

Repository Hardening
Encryption at Rest
Repository Specifics
Windows Backup Repository
WORM Storage with Veeam Hardened Repository

Hardening backup components and mechanisms
Attack surface reduction
Workgroup or Domain ?
Application Processing


“The goal of the Detect function is to develop and implement appropriate activities to identify the occurrence of a cybersecurity event. The Detect Function enables timely discovery of cybersecurity events.”

Threat Detection chapter
Honeypot servers
Honeypot users, also read Anonymization
Veeam One alarms
VMware visibility


“Develop and implement appropriate activities to take action regarding a detected cybersecurity incident. The Respond Function supports the ability to contain the impact of a potential cybersecurity incident.”

Physical Security incident response


“The goal of the Recover function is to develop and implement appropriate activities to maintain plans for resilience and to restore any capabilities or services that were impaired due to a cybersecurity incident. The Recover Function supports timely recovery to normal operations to reduce the impact from a cybersecurity incident.”

Have a recovery strategy in place

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